Saturday, June 27, 2015

Characters: Too good? Too Evil?

There is a precipice each character stands on. One side is too good to be true, the other side too evil to exist. What makes a character too good to believe? How evil can any character, main or secondary, become before they are irredeemable?

Characters are meant to entertain readers, often educating them through their experiences as well. While I have read stories with ‘perfect’ characters, either good or evil, they fail to engage me as a reader. Perhaps because a perfect person does not exist. Everyone makes mistakes, some intentional, some not. And even if a person has perfect morals, is highly intelligent and wise, and is perfectly considerate at all times, others aren’t, and they can get the ‘perfect character’ into shit-loads of trouble. The world also frequently delivers unexpected comeuppance to both the deserving and the undeserving. Besides, what’s entertaining or educational about a portrayal starting off and continuing with perfection?

A theoretical paradox that exists, however, for the perfect ‘good’ character is bound to win, and the ‘perfect’ evil character cannot lose. The good must have flaws to overcome to make their win worthwhile, while the perfect evil character has no flaw that can lead to defeat. Even ancient gods and goddesses in mythology were never perfect. They were very powerful and often morally impaired.

If, as the cliché states, we learn from our mistakes, then characters should prove the platitude. Most good stories contain the basically good character who struggles against his or her evil inclinations and works to accept or improve their imperfections. Readers identify and empathize with the imperfection of both main and secondary characters. This lets the character become entrenched in the reader’s mind.

Readers like characters who display various degrees of hypocrisy, disobedience, laziness, impulsiveness, deceptiveness, and even meanness. These characters are more interesting. Less than perfect characters bring questions to the reader’s mind. Does this person remain the same or change? Do they help or hinder the story’s outcome? Do they receive their just deserts?

Heroic characters can be irresolute, obstinate, dissolute, possessive, rash, vulgar, blustering, discourteous, self-absorbed, or ridiculous. It is when they face their shortfalls and imperfections and seek to do better that they often turn the story’s direction. These are characters who will fall into situations where they must face themselves to dig their way out of the holes they have created.

Extraordinarily evil characters do exist in literature and create gripping tension in the storyline. This is the uber-intelligent serial killer like Hannibal of real-world stories, or Voldemort of the Harry Potter series, and Sauron of the Lord of Rings of fantasy stories. With all of these horribly irredeemable characters, an unsuspected Achilles' heel exists.

In many stories, there is a point where ordinary characters also traverse into the irredeemable. There is a recent tendency to paint evil characters as sociopaths or psychotics. Since between 1% and 4% of the U.S. population are sociopaths, but only 20% of prison inmates, it shows how prejudice and uneducated the public is about such a diagnosis. Most of those diagnosed with these conditions are not sadistic killers and cannot be recognizable in ordinary encounters.

For me, evil occurs when anyone goes after a personal goal with no-holds-barred, no care of who they injure or destroy, game-the-system tenacity. That desired goal is often some form of wealth, power, religious fervor, or revenge. Eventually the character loses his or her soul, and that’s when, for me, they become truly evil, irredeemable characters.

So who are your favorite heroic or diabolical characters?

Follow this topic at these authors blogs:

Skye Taylor
Beverley Bateman
Judith Copek
Marci Baun
Connie Vines
Rachael Kosinski
Helena Fairfax
Fiona McGier

Monday, June 22, 2015

Word with a History: Mile

Mile has a few definitions, the most well-known being the measure of a certain distance. In 1592 during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, Parliament established a mile as 1,760 yards (5,280 feet). The reason for this is also an interesting tidbit of history as it deals with Anglo-Saxon divisions of land, but a different story from where the word mile is derived. In this instance, it is a noun, but we also use it as an adverb indicating a great distance or far such as: her math skills are miles ahead of her peers.

The Middle English word mile came from the Old English, mīl, which came from Latin’s milia, which came from milia passuum, or literally, thousands of paces. Milia was plural of mille meaning thousand. This makes it sound metric, but it was not. Mile begins
with the Roman Legions, the Roman Army, and logistics, although the Romans didn’t know the word logistics, which is a French word first used in 1861 and is basically the art of calculation. Logistics deals with all the stuff soldiers need like weapons, food, uniforms, lodging, etc., and how to obtain, distribute and store it. In other words – organization.

During their era, no one planned or organized better than the Romans Legions. They had to! 

Two thousand plus years ago they governed an empire stretching from England to the Middle East and from Germany to Northern Africa depended on its Legions. Their armies conquered most of that territory. The army’s logistic problem was how to get legions from one location to another and how to determine how long it would take.
From Wikipedia Commons -- Roman Legion marching
Along with being warriors, Roman soldiers were skilled craftsmen and builders of roads, bridges, walls, fortresses and aqueducts. They built roads and marked out the distance of a mile with a carved stone mile marker along the side of every road.

So what was the distance for the mile measurement?

One thousand double paces, which was one step with each foot or five feet, of a Roman Legion or about 5,000 feet.

If you know how many miles the desired location is from the current point where your army is located, and the average time it takes the legion to cover a measured distance, you know how much time is needed to get your troops from here to there in the empire.

And the word military? It comes from Middle English (first know use 15th century), derived from the Latin word militaris, from nominative milites (plural) and miles
(singular) meaning soldier.

We also have vast miles of roads now called interstates and expressways mapped out in miles (in the U.S.). Will they last as long as Roman roads and mile markers?

Tuesday, June 16, 2015

All Things Twelve

Plato chose twelve for establishing weights and measures, and coinage. In his ideal state, it represented the enveloping universe. Twelve may have lost out with coinage and weights, but with it so intimately bound to our measurement of time, it certainly continues to represent the enveloping universe.

Words for 12
Cardinal: TWELVE
Hindu-Arabic: 12
Ordinate: Twelveth
Roman: XII
Basic Math: 2x6, 3x4
Roman word duodecim, duodecimus
Greek words of Twelve: dodecca
From Anglo-Saxon: 'Twelf', meaning two leftover

Time and Holiday Associations:
  • December is the 12th month
  • Twelve Days of Christmas
  • Jan 5th (or 6th) is the Twelfth Night
Time, Science, Technological, & measurement:
    • 12 months to a year
    • Two twelve-hour rotations to each day. 
    • 12 inches to the foot
    • Magnesium Mg 12, periodic table
    • Dozen=12, 12 inches = 1 foot, Two fathoms = 12 feet
    • First abundant number (divisors sum is greater than the number) the sum of 12's factors is 16 (1+2+3+4+6), which is also a square number (4).
    • 12 cranial nerves
    • 12 pairs of ribs
    • 12 notes in the chromatic scale
    • 12 banks in the Federal Reserve system
    Religious Associations:
    • Twelve Disciples (Apostles) of Christ: "The first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, the fifth sardonyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst." Rev. 21:12
    • Twelve tribes of Israel
    • Twelve Angels of Paradise
    Twelve Associations:
    • 12 Apostles
    • 12 Days of Christmas
    • 12 signs of the zodiac
    • 12 Virtues (love, wisdom, truth, justice, peace, equilibrium, humility, strength, faith, joy and victory)
    • 12 princes of Ishmael
    • 12 apostles of Osiris
    • 12 sons of Jacob
    • 12 Gods of Olympus
    • 12 labors of Hercules
    • 12 members on a jury
    Games, sports:
    • Queen card in a deck of cards
    • 2 dice have 12 sides – highest sum in dice
    • Dice boxcars = 12, 2 dice both showing 6 up.
    • Checkers has 12 pieces on each side.
    Prophetic references: Twelve is the number of fruition in the manifested universe and an ending to established order leading to reincarnation.

    Astrological Association: · House of Pisces. Persons born from February 19 to March 20.

    Tarot Divination: The hanged man is card twelve and an upright card means wisdom and prophetic power in spiritual matters or a pause in one's life where decisions are temporarily suspended. It is good to remember self-surrender leads to the transformation of the personality where material temptations conquered. A reversed card indicates arrogance, paying more attention to the physical appearance while ignoring spiritual matters, possibly a false prophecy and a general waste of effort.

    Literature, Folklore & art:
    • Twelfth Night - play by William Shakespeare
    • Twelve Days of Christmas (song)
    • Twelve Dancing Princesses (folktale)
    • Twelve Foundations of Aristotle
    • Cheaper By the Dozen, book by Frank Bunker Gilbreth, made into 2 movies.
    • Many novels and music named either 12 or Twelve
    • Dirty Dozen - movie
    • Twelve Years a Slave - movie
    • 12 Monkeys - movie
    Common usage:
    • Cheaper by the dozen
    • Twelve Pack